In the last two decades, electricity grids face many issues that they were not designed to handle. The demand has increased worldwide and massive power outages are likely to become more probable with the increasing age and load of power infrastructures, with the decentralization of the electricity generation, with the complexity of the power system operation. Thus, environment-friendly development, higher reliability and better security are the main expectations by the stake-holders, actors and users of the electrical system.
Modeling the complexity of electrical system has become necessary to understand how Smart Grids properties emerge from their complex organization and to design resilient and agile architectures for the optimization of Smart Grids operations.
Smart Grids are not engineered from ground-up. They result from the incremental transformation of current power systems into smart electrical systems, by the connection of new subsystems or devices. The proposal of a framework for standardization is therefore a crucial issue to ensure that an efficient and interoperable Smart Grid is achieved by the transformation process.
We propose to use fractality as a core concept to model, analyze and design future Smart Grids. We will develop new analysis tools and design concepts based on fractal geometry to improve both the control of highly distributed loads and generators in power systems and the resilience of the future grid. This will lead to a new architecture of Smart Grids.
We will show how the self-similar topology can benefit to the electrical system, from consumers to utilities.
LONG TERM GOAL
The long-term goal of the Fractal Grid methodology is to provide a framework for the development of international standards for Smart Grid technologies and to facilitate the multi-scale deployment of Smart Grids. For this purpose, it will consider aspects ranging from weather systems and market organization down to communication and electrical networks with a particular attention paid to the latter aspect.
of current power grids
of a Fractal Grids
OUTPUTS / DELIVRABLES
Challenges, innovative architectures and control strategies for future networks: the Web-of-Cells, fractal grids and other concepts | CIRED - Open Access Proceedings Journal, 12-15 June 2017
Fractal Grid - towards the future smart grid | CIRED - Open Access Proceedings Journal, 12-15 June 2017
to assess vulnerability of power grids (draft version is available at https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.06906)
Analysis of spatiotemporal
characteristics of renewable generation and demand.
Results and interpretation of power network fractal analyses
Definition of an index of vulnerability
and comparison for different networks
Fractal Grid architectures
for an urban distribution network
Control schemes for Fractal Grids. Structure and Performances.
A simulation tool for the Fractal Grid management.
Final Review meeting report.